What is Primary Prevention?
Primary prevention is an approach to ending sexual violence that takes place before sexual violence has occurred to prevent initial perpetration and victimization.
How does primary prevention work in our community?
Primary prevention has four main focuses for implementation. The focuses are in the areas or the involved beliefs and behaviors that contribute to the continuation of systemic sexual violence.
(Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexual violence prevention: beginning the dialogue. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2005.)
Influences: Attitudes and beliefs that support sexual violence; impulsive and antisocial behavior; childhood history of sexual abuse or witnessing violence; alcohol and drug use.
Influences: Association with sexually aggressive
peers; family environment that is emotionally
unsupportive, physically violent or strongly
Influences: General tolerance of sexual assault; lack
of support from police or judicial system; poverty; lack of employment opportunities; weak community
sanctions against perpetrators.
Influences: Inequalities based on gender, race, and
sexual orientation, religious or cultural beliefs,
economic and social policies.